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Triple Option Means Triple Threat
The three-back enables Rice University to rush its way to success
By Scott Wachenheim
Rice Offensive Coordinator/Offensive Line Coach
Rice University Triple Option traces its roots to West Texas High
school football. Emory Bellard invented wishbone triple option football
in the summer of 1968. Coach Bellard always liked option football
and the advantages three back formations gave an offense.
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He started toying with the concept while coaching at Ingleside and
Breckenridge High Schools. Coach Bellard felt to be successful on
offense, one needed to:
Have a blocker on a defender with a ball carrier behind.
Have two blockers on one defender with an option play.
Create one-on-one match-ups in the passing game.
Coach Bellard was hired to coach linebackers at the University of
Texas in 1967. In the spring of 1968, Texas head coach Darryl Royal
moved Emory from coaching linebackers to the offensive side of the
ball. Coach Royal was always a fan of the option offense. In looking
at the personnel Texas had, Coach Bellard felt they had three great
running backs. So he put in the basic-T formation and began running
the triple option. That summer Coach Bellard, his sons, and some former
Texas players ran through the option from a variety of sets and came
upon the wishbone. Coach Bellard did not call his formations the wishbone.
He simply called the formations right and left. The originator of
the wishbone nickname was the Mickey Herskowitz of the Houston Chronicle.
Coach Bellard presented his findings to Coach Royal, who embraced
the idea. Texas tied their first game, lost their second, then won
thirty straight games and two national championships in the wishbone.
Coach Hatfield, HC, Rice University, first fell in love with the wishbone
triple option attack while coaching defense at the University of Florida.
He realized the difficulties of the defending against the option and
the one-on-one passing attack, therefore when he was moved to coach
offense he quickly initiated the triple option attack at Florida.
The wishbone has helped Coach Hatfield become fifth in wins among
active Division 1-A head coaches.
While at the United States Air Force Academy, Coach Hatfield began
to tinker with the offensive sets. He began to break the bone, putting
one or both of the halfbacks in a slot position. The new formations
were given the nickname of the Flexbone and we are still
using them today at Rice University.
In 2001, Rice University was ranked second in the nation in rushing
offense. The base triple option we run at Rice is the inside veer.
The base formation we use is the double slot formation. (See Diagram
1 - Double Slot Formation)
In double slot formation our offensive linemen line up as close to
ball as legally allowed. They align such that their helmets are on
a parallel line originating from the armpit of the center. There are
two reasons for this alignment. First, we believe it helps us stop
defensive penetration. Secondly, we believe it allows us to get past
the read key quicker, therefore making the quarterbacks triple option
read easier. Our base splits for our guards are three feet, while
our tackles can vary their splits from three to five feet. Our offensive
line must understand they are blocking for the fullback carrying the
football. This places a premium on creating movement off the ball,
however decreases the amount of time they must sustain their blocks.
Our quarterbacks line up directly behind the center in a balanced
stance to give them the ability to run the play either direction.
The quarterback must first locate the read key. The read key is the
defender responsible for the fullback. He is usually the first defender
lined up on or outside the play side tackle. The quarterback after
receiving the snap will pivot to 3 or 9 oclock to establish
his mesh with the fullback. If the read key is up field to take the
quarterback, the quarterback will give the ball to the fullback. If
the read key squeezes down to take the fullback, the quarterback will
disconnect from the mesh and locate the pitch key.
The pitch key is usually the first defender lined up outside the read
key. Once the quarterback locates the pitch key, he must determine
whether the pitch key has the quarterback or the pitch back. If the
quarterback decides to keep the ball he will plant off his outside
foot and attack downfield. If the quarterback determines to pitch
the ball he will execute a basketball pitch to the slot back.
We see two advantages to using the basketball pitch instead of the
thumb-under pitch. First, a basketball pitch can be lofted higher
and is softer, making it easier to catch and more accurate. Secondly,
a basketball pitch can be executed from a variety of different positions,
giving us the ability to pitch the ball versus several different situations
created by the defense. For example, versus a strong safety blitz
the quarterback could pitch the ball high or low depending upon the
angle of the strong safety.
Our fullbacks line up with their feet four-to-five yards from the
football, which should correspond with their down hand being four-to-five
feet behind the quarterbacks heels. The slower the fullback,
the closer he lines up and, conversely, the faster the fullback, the
farther he lines up. Our fullbacks also line up in a balanced stance
to give them the ability to run in either direction. The fullbacks
aim point for the mesh is the crack of the play side guards
rear end. If the fullback gets the ball, he will square his shoulders
to the line of scrimmage and run off the blocks of the play side guard
and tackle. If the ball is disconnected from the mesh by the quarterback,
the fullback will still square his shoulders to the line of scrimmage
in order to absorb the blow delivered by the read key.
The mesh between the fullback and the quarterback is critical to the
success of the triple option. We spend a lot of time perfecting this
phase in practice. The quarterbacks and fullbacks will work on this
together for five to ten minutes a practice. We will then add a read
key to the drill. Next we will go to a half-line drill versus a scout
defense. Finally, we will scrimmage against our own defense to gain
an understanding of the speed at which the decisions must be made
in this phase of the option.
Our slot backs line up one yard outside and one yard deeper than our
offensive tackles. The slot back opposite the play will go in two-step
motion prior to the snap in order to attain a four-yard outside by
two-yard behind pitch relationship with the quarterback. The play
side slot back has a critical point of attack block. He is blocking
for the quarterback carrying the football.
The play side slot back must be able to block a tight scraping line
backer and a line backer that is trying to beat him over the top.
He does this by taking a tight path through the outside hip of the
read key to cut off the tight scrape, keeping his eyes on the linebacker
to adjust to the wide scrape.
We would like for our play side slot to cut block the linebacker.
However, if the play side tackle is engaged with the linebacker the
slot must block the linebacker high to avoid a chop block penalty.
The play side slot must also be able to see when the play side tackle
has blocked the play side linebacker. When this scenario happens our
play side slot will work up field to block the free safety.
Our wide receivers base splits are:
Boundary: Bottom of the numbers.
Field: Two yards outside the hash.
Middle: Top of the numbers.
Our play side receiver is responsible for blocking the first support
from the defensive secondary. To accomplish this, they must first
know who will be the pitch key. It is critical for the quarterback
and the receiver to be on the same page. After identifying the pitch
key, the play side receiver will read where secondary support is coming
from. If the receiver determines he must crack block the safety, he
must know he is blocking for the quarterback. If the receiver determines
he must stalk block the corner, he must understand he is blocking
for the pitch back.
The following are our rules and options for executing our base triple
FST Veer - B gap to FSLB to BSLB to FS.
4 - Stack vs. Stack. 3Tech - Double, Fold, or Base by game
FSG - 1 LOS. 3Tech - Double, Fold or Base by game plan. Shade/1Tech
C - Front side A gap. Slip/Scoop.
BSG - Scoop.
BST - Scoop.
WR - Play side: Block first support.
Back side - Cut off deep third defender.
Play side back - Block play side LB to FS.
Back side back - Attain pitch relationship with QB.
FB - Mesh with QB at crack of guards rear end.
QB - Read first down lineman from a 4 technique out, pitch
off next outside defender.
(See Diagrams 2-5)
The triple option offense holds a unique place in college football
history. We hope this article helps you better understand its
beginnings and how it is still helping teams win today.